Plantations > Costa Rica

Costa Rica


Costa Rica is located in Central America, south of the Tropic of Cancer. To the north, it borders with Nicaragua, to the south-west with Panama and is bathed by the Caribbean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.


Plantaciones Costa Rica

This explains an average annual temperature that stands at 26ºC, average rainfall levels of over 2,800 mm/year and a stable 12 hours of sun/day throughout the whole year.

Costa Rica has a population of 4,000,000 inhabitants (one in seven Costa Ricans works in the agricultural sector), and spreads out over 52,000 square kilometres. It is the country with the most biodiversity in the world per square kilometre of territory (it holds 6% of the planet’s total biodiversity).

Around 46.8% of the total surface of the country is covered in forests and jungles, and approximately 25% of the territory is protected.

Costa Rican forests contain wealthy reserves of ebony, balsa, mahogany and cedar, as well as oak, cypress, mangroves, fern, guácimo, ceiba and palm. The country has over 1,000 orchid species, with Monteverde (in the centre of the country) being the region with the greatest orchid density on the planet. Costa Rica is home to over 10,000 plant species.

There are plentiful wild animals such as the puma, jaguar, deer, monkey, coyote, armadillo and several bird species, most notably quetzal, clay-coloured thrush or yigüirro and hummingbird.

 

Plantaciones Costa Rica
 

The country is ranked 3rd in the world in terms of the 2010 Environmental Performance Index. It stands as the first Latin American country in the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index. It is the sixth Latin American country in the Human Development Index.

Costa Rica is the most stable country in Central America. It is governed by a democratic Constitution, the army was abolished in 1948, and this stability makes it an ideal setting for forestry activities.

The capital, and focal point of political and economic activity, is San José, located in the interior area.

Costa Rica’s economy experienced a strong evolution, as it transformed from being an eminently agricultural country and turned to a service economy with tourism as the fastest growing industry.

Ecotourism is extremely popular among foreign tourists that visit the vast amount of nature parks and protected areas located around the country. Costa Rica is a pioneer in ecotourism and is one of the few international destinations in this sector. Other income is contributed by exports of traditional agricultural products, such as banana, coffee, sugar, cocoa and pineapple. Top quality Costa Rican coffee is exported to the US market where it is highly valued.

According to a study carried out in 2009 by the British organisation The New Economics Foundation, Costa Rica tops the Happy Planet Index. Every two years, the organisation publishes this report that measures happiness in 142 countries that compose 99% of the world’s population.

The index uses three variables in the classification: subjective life satisfaction, life expectancy at birth, and ecological footprint per capita.

In Costa Rica, life expectancy at birth ranks at 78.5 years, 85% of Costa Ricans claimed to be satisfied and happy with their lives.

The research also noted that life expectancy amongst Costa Ricans is also the second highest in the world, topped only by Canada.

Ticos* are kind, respectful and solidarity-minded people, who are also calm, friendly, hard-workers and responsible.

*Ticos: Colloquial demonym, synonym for Costa Rican.


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